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Understanding Parrot Behavior

To effectively interact with parrots, it is important to have a basic understanding of their behavior. Parrots are social animals that thrive on attention and interaction with their caregivers. They are also intelligent and curious creatures that enjoy exploring their environment and learning new things.

Research has shown that parrots are capable of complex cognitive tasks, including problem-solving, tool use, and even communication with humans using symbols or words (Pepperberg, 2019). They are also capable of recognizing individual human faces and voices, and they can develop strong bonds with their human caregivers (Schmid, et al., 2019).

Social Skills for Parrot Interaction

When interacting with parrots, there are several social skills that can help to ensure a positive experience for both the human and the bird. These skills include:

  1. Reading Parrot Body Language: Parrots use body language to communicate their emotions and intentions. Understanding parrot body language can help humans to recognize when a bird is feeling stressed, scared, or aggressive. For example, a parrot that is flapping its wings rapidly or lunging towards a person may be feeling threatened or uncomfortable.

  2. Using Positive Reinforcement: Positive reinforcement is a method of training that involves rewarding desirable behaviors. When interacting with parrots, it is important to use positive reinforcement to encourage good behavior and discourage undesirable behavior. For example, offering a treat or praise when a parrot is calm and relaxed can reinforce that behavior.

  3. Providing Enrichment: Enrichment activities can help to keep parrots mentally and physically stimulated. Providing toys, puzzles, and other forms of enrichment can help to prevent boredom and destructive behavior.

  4. Building Trust: Parrots are social animals that can form strong bonds with their caregivers. Building trust with a parrot involves spending time with the bird, offering treats and positive reinforcement, and being consistent with training and handling.

Research on Social Skills for Parrot Interaction

Research has shown that social skills are important for successful parrot interaction. A study by Schmid, et al. (2019) found that parrots were more likely to approach and interact with humans who displayed positive social cues, such as smiling and offering a hand for the bird to perch on. The study also found that parrots were more likely to engage in positive behaviors, such as vocalizing and playing, when interacting with humans who provided positive reinforcement.

Another study by Goodwin, et al. (2019) found that providing enrichment activities, such as toys and puzzles, can improve parrot welfare and reduce stereotypical behaviors, such as feather plucking and self-mutilation.


Interacting with parrots can be a rewarding and enjoyable experience, but it requires a certain set of social skills to ensure that the interaction is positive for both the human and the bird. Understanding parrot behavior, using positive reinforcement, providing enrichment activities, and building trust are all important skills for successful parrot interaction. Research has shown that these social skills can improve parrot welfare and enhance the bond between parrots and their human caregivers.


Goodwin, D., et al. (2019). Improving parrot welfare: An evaluation of the effectiveness of environmental enrichment. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 211, 98-105.

Pepperberg, I. (2019). Cognitive and communicative abilities of grey parrots. Current Opinion in Psychology, 31, 22-26.

Schmid, R., et al. (2019). Social cue use by African grey

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